In DRC, politicians like to speak willingly to masses about ”change”. This language of change has become a way of communication in the current Congolese political life. But – in fact-, what is the real content of this notion of change – for the Congolese- ?
From a formal point of view, we can distinguish three notions of historical change: Mobutu superficial vision of development, the radical vision of change, the one-dimensional vision of Joseph Kabila. To differentiate – the point of view of form-change is symbolized by a series of numbers (1-2-3-4-5-6 – ….) but is then exposed to a given power:
- Power 2 Mobutu vision : : 12- 22- 32- 42 - 52- 62- 72- 82……
- Power 3 for the radical vision : 13- 23- 33- 43 53- 63- 73- 83……
- Power 1 for Kabila vision : 11- 21- 31-4 151- 61- 71- 81……
It is time to adopt a new vision of change, the transformational change for the integral development. Here, the exposure is increasing by itself!
- Powers of transformational change : 11- 22 33- 44 55- 66 77- 88…..
1. Historical designs of change in DRC
The three historical visions of change in the DRC – Mobutu’s superficial vision of development, radical vision for change during the 1980-1990s and one-dimensional vision of Joseph Kabila – can be effectively represented as follows:
A. Mobutu’s development vision :
- Infrastructure: Creating infrastructure with a preference for white elephants
- Good neighborhood: Securing the dictatorship by personal alliances at the regional level
- Dictatorship : Neutralization of recalcitrant to centralist integration by their elimination
- National independence: Reduction of collective autonomy to a phenomenon of cultural authenticity.
Each of these issues constitutes one-side of a ‘‘square”. For Joseph Mobutu, the change consisted into a geometrical reproduction of these ‘‘squares’’ at higher geographical dimension.
Mobutu’s vision of change during 1980-1990s
B. Radical vision of change during the 1980-1990s
Tshisekedi radicalism and neo-mobutism of Kengo resumed Mobutu themes by appending to them – each in its own way – some essential conceptual supplements for the progress of populations.
- At the infrastructure policy, they had added three other concepts:
- The notion of struggle against corruption,
- The notion of rational management of public finances
- The concept of parliamentary scrutiny and judicial repression.
- At the dictatorship, they subtracted the principle of own personal power by advancing new notions:
- Collective decision-making in state bodies
- Decentralization of the territory (provincial autonomy or decentralization of local entities)
- Multiparty political system and plurality of trade-unions.
- At the policy of “good neighborliness, they suggested a kind of state-to-state relationship between international partners:
- Diplomacy of regional alliances.
- A policy of regional economic integration in Central Africa and in the Great Lakes region.
- Establishment of a co-development system between African communities by interposed States.
As a result, each of a mobutist ”square” were linked – more or less – to another ” square” throughout the above additions and gave birth to a ”cube” with 12 stops .
Radical vision of change during the 1980-1990s
Tshisekedi called for the overthrow of the dictatorial regime and adopted systematical denunciatory positions against its bad political practices while neo-mobutists were looking for technical and tactical trails to be involved within post-mobutist powers as come-back
The radical vision was necessary for internal political break but insufficient – strategically -for the conquest of the state power and then for the effective and sustainable transformation of the lives of Congolese.
C. One-dimensional vision of Joseph Kabila
With the arrival of Joseph Kabila to state power, the concept of” change” was emasculated. Only the material aspect of things was considered by becoming the only strategic variable for development in terms of ”infrastructure projects’’ in different sectors: Education, Health, water and electricity and roads! The ”modern revolution’’ – the current slogan of Joseph Kabila – is placed on the level of a proliferation of ”infrastructure projects’’ capable to transform face the country. But, it is just a slogan!
‘’Quantity” never become ”quality”, except if economic growth takes place in a political system without corruption, bad governance of public finances, bad regional relationship. It is in this perspective that economic growth can be a ”breath of development”. In DRC, this could not be the case because of a vision of materialistic primary dimension within the current leadership: projects can be added continuously one to another without change (see Figure 3) and … without ever reaching the finality, the endogenous development!
The extreme poverty of intellectual elites have undermined their thinking capacities and the system Kabila use it to prevent people from discovering reality and to push people to adopt political knowledge instilled by redundant formulas created its allied media. This kind of political knowledge is built upon a marshland. A large number of Congolese doctrines consist now in different forms of the one-dimensional thinking and its successive paths.
Those – Congolese and foreigners – who adopt the Kabilism, are turned into sorcerer’s apprentices in all fields of political knowledge and it rapidly appears on them some signs of intellectual dishonesty. State Governance by Joseph Kabila suffers from a lack of coherent strategic vision in terms of dignity!
Joseph Kabila and his supporters are unable to develop an authentic vision of change. They spend time to lead Congolese society through a nebulous concept of ” State Authority” to justify a creeping form of political centralism. He continuously create a false dilemma in terms of a only one alternative: either the balkanization or centralism of power; he antagonizes this two notions,… just to frustrate any effective decentralized governance.
Kabilism is actually a decline of society in its ideological and political dimension in terms of Congolese nation! It is necessary that the Congolese elites continuous to discuss about the concept of ”change”, the other one of 1980-1990 period was not yet – itself – completed in its formulation !
One-dimensional thinking of Joseph Kabila’s vision of change
Today, any form of “political consultations” – internal and external – initiated by Joseph Kabila (including that of mid-June 2013) can be only used just to go back to the ”change” designed in 1980s (Figure 2) or to Mobutu’s vision of 1970s (Figure 1). It is here we situate the nature of many quarrels of the current “presidential majority “with her “parliamentary opposition” or with its radical opposition.
Obsolete debate! As such, the historical perspectives of change above are already overwhelmed by the concerns of transformational governance sought by Congolese DRC, and in the overall aspects of the management of the state! Unless there is in the sphere of Joseph Kabila (his brain and his political entourage) a true revolution focusing on national independence in the sense of autonomy of thought and action of the national leadership to determine politically for the Congolese nation!
2. For a transformational governance in the DRC
Three requirements are needed in the process of ”change” involves:
- To identify a social system this could inhibit some collective behaviors in order to set standards for new political leaders and people behavior.
- To suggest a holistic reform as a guide of criticism of the existing leadership of institutions and capable to master the ways to address collective issues.
- To examine collective issues in an attitude of intellectual honesty. It is important to express truth without distorting one aspect or twisting the meaning of the reality!
For those intellectuals – individually-committed, it is to work as prophet of God or witness at the Judgment of History.
The ”Change” is a holistic concept. With Laurent-Désiré Kabila in the AFDL, it was about this kind of change but once in power, he developed a vision of centralized power in Kinshasa, a Stalinist dictatorship and a vision of national development erasing earlier gains of the struggle for qualitative change.
The son and successor, Joseph Kabila designed a downshifting change to a political system of corruption, external siphoning of country’s natural resources and submitting it to diversion of public funds!
My vision of political transformation of DRC is an integrated theory with adaptable strategies to changing circumstances! Its uniqueness lies in three areas:
- Change is doctrinally formulated to be integrated by its own elites.
- Change is considered as transformation of political structures and then an elevation of proportions of populations outputs poverty
- Change is endogenous and for the Congolese people.
To do this, we must return to the strategic concept of” national” Independence in terms of relying on own efforts before considering the overwhelming support from the outside. This does not mean ”autarky” but independence of thought and action” for tasks that we can perform by ourselves, including that to think to the future of own people!
It may appear as follows:
Deep and accelerated Change
First, we should establish actions of real change in terms of public policies but integrated in a strategic vision as the main link between these public policies. Otherwise, the concept of change will fall under a sheer demagoguery like that is – now used by MONUSCO in DRC.
Under current conditions of Kabila Governance, any external assistance (financial and/or technical) can’t an effective one for the Congolese because of lack of a suitable internal proces of change. An outside assistance would be – in fact – without honesty on the part of donor funds,… like that from European Union from 2003 to the present day or the alleged ”Marshall Plan” of Didier Reynders!
The items offered in my Web-Site www.grandslacsregion.org aim to establish a such vision which could transform DRC into an African state, prosperous, dignified, truly united and leading the process of progress in Africa!