The human person is above all a social being and therefore, there must be a standard for” assess” the social aspect of his experience. To do this, the society erects references. A ” norm ” means a ” erected value ” serving as rule to be followed. It aims to locate the ” abnormal ” in order to bring things (objects and circumstances) to their ‘‘normal ” situation. The ” norm ” is a ”virtual situation’’ which is a set of characteristics describing a ”reference ” for value judgments. There is no better way for understanding the normative approach to governance in a society that analysis of its dominant religion, its main social ideology.
1. The normative approach to an objective review of governance
Most of Congolese words are increasingly – and widely – imbibed of considerations and references to the Bible since almost 25 years!
It is as if the Congolese people require that the actions and behavior of their political leaders adhere to the Christian norm. Political leaders are considered -in the context of the Christian norm – as the reference group for the governance and the changes of structure for good governance: change of attitudes and policies and values politicking skills.
Today, Congolese people tend to judge actions and behavior of their political leaders according to a total Christian norm, even if they accept it or not or they fully live it or not! It follows from this use of Christian norm a possibility to analyze the situation in the DRC through notions of ”Good” and ”Evil” generated for the education of future generations and to build Congolese nation following a legal policy based on Christian standards !
For the DRC, the choice of the Christian standard is not here fortuitous. Christianity tends to be dominant simply because it imposes ” in a Christian way of life preconceived and predetermined by God and the ”Christian” must- individually – comply with it to access the salvation of his soul
Intrusion of Christianity ” in all spheres of private life of the individual – from the cradle to the tomb, makes it as a totalizing religion, in matters of sexuality, of adultery, of report to work, of wealth, etc.. Standard Christian leads new and universal social values temporarily out with Community sectarianism.
It is in relation to what the normative approach can serve social criticism. It can be seen not only as a gap – between actions and individual behavior but also between the collective reference (social and intellectual values) and behaviors of leaders in the formulation of policy measures needed!
2. Leaders who do not care about people
The Congolese people expect their leaders ‘’transparency’’, ‘’altruism’’ and ‘‘compassion’’.
In principle, we love men in the image of God loving us. In John 13: 34-35, it is written:
- (34) A new commandment I give unto you, That ye love one another; as I have loved you, that ye also love one another.
- (35) By this shall all men know that ye are my disciples, if ye have love one to another.
This is the reason of the hierarchy formulated by Jesus Christ in his commandments in Luke 10: 27-28
- (27) And he answering said, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy strength, and with all thy mind; and thy neighbour as thyself.
- (28) And he said unto him, Thou hast answered right: this do, and thou shalt live.
However, significant number of Congolese leaders have deeply corrupted their souls ; it is a corruption of souls when leaders led by a lust for personal properties and are interested of honors provided by these properties. They do not pay attention to the divine promise of above-mentioned eternal life in Luke 10:28, with following recommendation in Matthew 10:28 :And fear not them which kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul: but rather fear him which is able to destroy both soul and body in hell.
Unfortunately, the Congolese history is filled with politicians who themselves are misled by lust of property and of power: Moise Tshombe, Albert Kalonji, Joseph Mobutu,…. Others have defended the ”indefensible” such the mobutists – Gérard Kamanda and Nimy Mayidika Ngimbi – who went Belgium to revive an economic litigation between Belgians and Congolese people – 40 years after it has been enshrined by their leader Mobutu – but – in the purpose to deny the documented massacres of students on the Campus of Lumbubashi in 1981.
3. Leaders bringing powerful demons into national political space
The Congolese expect of their leaders a political direction made of ‘rational thinking’ and of ‘logical coherence’ in the words and in actions !
Suffice it to meditate this passage in Isaiah 2: 6: Therefore thou hast forsaken thy people the house of Jacob, because they be replenished from the east, and are soothsayers like the Philistines, and they please themselves in the children of strangers. Simply : “(6) Lord, you have forsaken your people, (…). Here’s why: his country is filled with diviners (…). Those [leaders] who are reading in heaven is many (…). “
Many Congolese political leaders consult diviners and engage themselves – consciously or unconsciously – to Satanism. Some leaders hire “witchcraft specialists” and “marabouts” to pass a difficult course at the Parliament or achieve ongoing negotiations at the international level! The people speak about it and… no person to deny their words!
Specifically, the satanism of these political leaders is expressed through a tribal and clannish divisionism. Tribalism has become an accepted standard of the Congolese political game so much so that the policy making is to externalize his distrust against members of other tribes,-or even his sectarian hatred - through huge lies from each to against others
However, it is said in Deuteronomy 18:10-12
- (10) There shall not be found among you any one that maketh his son or his daughter to pass through the fire, or that useth divination, or an observer of times, or an enchanter, or a witch,
- (11) Or a charmer, or a consulter with familiar spirits, or a wizard, or a necromancer.
- (12) For all that do these things is an abomination unto the LORD: and because of these abominations the LORD thy God doth drive them out from before thee.
In Leviticus19: 26 and 31 :
- (26) Ye shall not eat any thing with the blood: neither shall ye use enchantment, nor observe times. (…)
- (31) Regard not them that have familiar spirits, neither seek after wizards, to be defiled by them: I am the LORD your God.
In Jeremiah 17:7-8, it is written:
- (7) Blessed is the man that trusteth in the LORD, and whose hope the LORD is.
- (8) For he shall be as a tree planted by the waters, and that spreadeth out her roots by the river, and shall not see when heat cometh, but her leaf shall be green; and shall not be careful in the year of drought, neither shall cease from yielding fruit.
Therefore, it is written in Deuteronomy 5 : 6-11
- (6) I am the LORD thy God, which brought thee out of the land of Egypt, from the house of bondage. [Belgian colonial power and colonialism]
- (7) Thou shalt have none other gods before me.
- (8) Thou shalt not make thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the waters beneath the earth:
- (9) Thou shalt not bow down thyself unto them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me,
- (11) Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain: for the LORD will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain.
4. Leaders who are entry doors of curses in society
Congolese dream of unity and they expect this to be expressed through effective solidarity within its political class!
Many leaders aspire to the presidency in the country without being delivered from their personal suffering, suffering born of the fight of each against other in the arena of state power. The ”Injuries” are larges gateways for powerful demons, according to the Christian doctrine of deliverance, spiritual version of the psychoanalytic treatment of individuals.
By their intimate injuries, these political leaders are struggling to collaborate and make political compromises between them. If they are not released from demonic inspirations – especially those traditions of their respective tribes or ethnic groups or clans – they will continue to practice all inherited sins from their parents. Simply, by their presence or their candidacy at Presidency of the Republic, they transmit to Congolese people their own personal demons!
Very often, these leaders pose as victims of other forgetting their own attitude of rebellion against God during their heyday with the tyrants! That is why they then persist and develop a kind of idolatry around them pushing men and women into collective behaviors based on their own personal sin included in the standards guiding of their actions.
Some claim for ”revolution” to create new social order by pride or keep an inflexible ”conservatism ” of a failed institutional order, from a past time. That is then the triumph of Satan- father of liars and leaders in trouble – Satan tries to keep people into their former and troubled intimacy and maintain people into slavery of their own political fabrications.
The struggles between Etienne Tshisekedi and Joseph Mobutu or those between Vital Kamerhe and Joseph Kabila can be interpreted as suicidal competition between former friends who fell out on terrible demons and allowed those demons to stay into them. The demons fight through those political leaders following their preference for that tribe or that province rather than others!
In fact, formerly allied political leaders create – sometimes – insurmountable disturbances, neutralizing themselves one by other. Thus, they become spiritual eunuchs.
5. Congolese leaders who trust into powerful foreigners leaders of this world
Congolese people expect from their leaders to be personally independent in theirs of thoughts and actions. The psalmist says in Psalm 118: 8-9:
- (8) It is better to trust in the LORD than to put confidence in man.
- (9) It is better to trust in the LORD than to put confidence in princes.
And it says in Jeremiah 17:5-6 that:
- (5) Thus saith the LORD; Cursed be the man that trusteth in man, and maketh flesh his arm, and whose heart departeth from the LORD.
- (6) For he shall be like the heath in the desert, and shall not see when good cometh; but shall inhabit the parched places in the wilderness, in a salt land and not inhabited.
In the DRC, political leaders often tend to bind themselves (” body and soul ” ) to officers from powerful states of the world and then – by artifice – they seek to curry favor of the Congolese population inside the country. This were done like that yesterday by Joseph Kasavubu, Joseph Mobutu or Leon Kengo. This is done like that today by Joseph Kabila.
Worse, political opponents often seek for the support of outside powers for to access to state power without a real political vision for the Congolese people. Also, they may use later on – at 99 % of chances- repression against people if they are in revolt vis-à -vis firms from these powerful states. In this, most Congolese political leaders are only rebel leaders to God.
Inside the country, there are supporters of real change and real transformation of structures but, it is – most of time- whims (change in the analysis, new perspectives of interests, personal egos ) of leaders of world powers that are the basis of incomprehensible changes and sudden and wrenching mutations of political regimes in Africa.
For example, RCA has just experienced that kind of tragedy: by the simple fact that General Bozizé was hunt from state power without decision of Central-Africans ! It was the same for Joseph Mobutu, for Lissouba, for Laurent Gbagbo and Muammar Khadaffi. The list will be likely long,
In DRC, the tragedy is simple: weak leaders – for all reasons above – have no other choice than to engage themselves into the hands of world leaders. They have to live and survive at their internal anomalies or…. change the structure of powers at the benefice of people within the country as recommended by the Bible!
6. The inevitable prophecy of Micah on the DRC
The Congolese people aspire to a transformational change in its spiritual and moral nature. It is said in Isaiah 5: 20 that: ” Woe unto them that call evil good, and good evil’’.
The african natural consciousness in the DRC does not accept this kind of non- governance where social conditions are such that ” evil can become good if it secures a majority of votes, and the ”good” become ”evil” if it turns out into a minority ” (Solzhenitsyn).
In terms of governance, one of the prophecies against those who act according to the ”Satan Plans ” – normative expression of poor governance – is that laid down in the Bible Micah 2: 1-3:
- Mic 2:1 Woe to them that devise iniquity, and work evil upon their beds! when the morning is light, they practice it, because it is in the power of their hand.
- Mic 2:2 And they covet fields, and take them by violence; and houses, and take them away: so they oppress a man and his house, even a man and his heritage.
- Mic 2:3 Therefore thus saith the LORD; Behold, against this family do I devise an evil, from which ye shall not remove your necks; neither shall ye go haughtily: for this time is evil.
To escape this fate, all true Congolese leader- political leader and opinion leader – must know the sequence of values of the Apostle Peter. It is said in 2 Pi. 1: 5-7:
- (5) And beside this, giving all diligence, add to your faith virtue; and to virtue knowledge;
- (6) And to knowledge temperance; and to temperance patience; and to patience godliness;
- (7) And to godliness brotherly kindness; and to brotherly kindness charity.
Dans la perspective ci-dessus, la” raison d’être” de changement dans notre société est un remodelage spirituel et moral: construire la nation sur la base des objectifs à long terme et sur la paix et la justice. Le travail basé sur des objectifs immédiats devrait rester – activement – dans le cadre du dessein divin, celui de” projet” de bonheur pour chaque homme.
7 The limits of the normative Christian approach in DRC
Just as one can’t judge someone on his own views on himself, the Congolese Christian standard is not sufficient in itself to understand the essence of the internal governance of the DRC Christianized society!
Indeed, by syncretism with African attitudes, it has appeared same ”family churches” or ‘‘tribal churches’’ as an innovation that is would not be a real one.
This process extends to political parties and NGOs: there are also communitarian political parties, tribal NGOs, even some sectoral state markets dominated by family groups!
These family groups often become affluent socioeconomic groups. Money becoming in itself a ground to creation of churches and other Christian entities. Those Christian entities appear in itself as a scam mercantile where individual salvation is just a pretext. Sometimes, they become wealthy but multi-communitarian groups seeking for political power. It is always difficult to stabilize them before their bursting into several atomized structures or groups in permanent conflict, reflecting a certain ideological chaos in society.
The role of the Christian Church in the DRC as a place of regeneration of mankind or ” ” a place of re-creation or of transformation an ordinary man into nobleman’ found here its limits. The personal dimension of Christian struggle must here be highlighted.
In this perspective, the Bible has a requirement on a personal level in Colossians 3 : 5 -10 :
- Col 3:5 Mortify therefore your members which are upon the earth; fornication, uncleanness, inordinate affection, evil concupiscence, and covetousness, which is idolatry:
- Col 3:6 For which things’ sake the wrath of God cometh on the children of disobedience:
- Col 3:7 In the which ye also walked some time, when ye lived in them.
- Col 3:8 But now ye also put off all these; anger, wrath, malice, blasphemy, filthy communication out of your mouth.
- Col 3:9 Lie not one to another, seeing that ye have put off the old man with his deeds;
- Col 3:10 And have put on the new man, which is renewed in knowledge after the image of him that created him.
This is to have Jesus Christ as a model of love to his fellow citizens. The true Church is:
- Mean chosen by God to make known the salvation of men.
- Established to serve within a mission to proclaim the Gospel.
- Formed to reveal the plan of God and demonstrate its power and fullness.
- Designed like a house of prayer for all without distinction of races and tribes.
- Developed as place for refuge and placed as real stronghold of God in a rebel world.
For social cohesion at the national level, the Congolese political leadership should establish a real policy to support the Church to serve as an internal composition law of the new society in the DRC. Here, it appears a vicious circle: true church must help the political leadership and the real political leadership must help the .church.
To break this vicious cycle, supporters of change should be the pinion of this change. In itself, this a vicious circle is a Call of God to action – in the DRC – against those covered by the above prophecy of Micah. They should constantly have in mind the power of God: ‘‘for with God nothing shall be impossible.’’ (Luke 1:37)